The settlement of Vasiliki is one of the first Minoan settlements with urban organization. It lies on the slopes and top of a lower hill near the village of Vasiliki from which it took it’s name. Opposite lies the impressive Ha gorge. A sign next to the road points to a path that goes up the hill. In former times the site was staffed, now you can just go through the hole in the fence.
Vasiliki’s existence begins in the early Minoan II era (2600-2300 BC). It became very prosperous due to it’s key location in the fertile plains of the region. The main building was burned down around 2300BC. The hill was later reused in the Middle Minoan era (2200-1900BC) and in Roman times. The biggest building, the house on the hill, can be considered a precursor, on a smaller scale, of the Minoan Palace. It has rectangular rooms connected by corridors. There were also warehouses, living quarters and a courtyard. The walls were plastered with red mortar and strengthened with wood beams. The settlement had four main building phases, and at one time the whole east side of the hill was occupied by houses. The view to Ha gorge alone makes it already worth a visit.
How to get there:
Driving north from Ierapetra, on the road to Agios Nikolaos/Sitia, you will find Vasiliki 10kms North of Ierpetra on the left side of the road, oppossite the Ha Gorge. Coming from Agios Nikolaos/Sitia, it’s on the right. After turning on to the road to Vasiliki, you’ll straight find the sign to the archeological settlement with a information sign.